miércoles, 17 de mayo de 2017

lunes, 15 de mayo de 2017

Leica: el origen de la fotografía libre




Una exposición en la Fundación Telefónica muestra la «revolución» que supuso esta cámara

Pocas modalidades artísticas están tan condicionadas por la tecnología como la fotografía. El desarrollo, tanto de cámaras, ópticas y soportes como de películas y sensores, ha dado siempre nuevas opciones a los fotógrafos. En todo proceso creativo que requiere de utensilios estos siempre han sido una limitación para el artista. Viendo cómo hemos pasado de las primeras cámaras, inmensas y pesadas, a los minúsculos dispositivos que se encuentran en los teléfonos, se entiende muy bien el desarrollo estético que la fotografía ha seguido. De imágenes en blanco y negro, estáticas y luminosas, hemos pasado al color, al movimiento y a poder plasmar cualquier tipo de luz.

Y hubo una cámara que fue la primera en liberar a los fotógrafos de ataduras. El ingeniero alemán Oskar Barnack montó una pequeña cámara para poder hacer pruebas con película de cine. Y empezó a fotografiar la vida diaria en la pequeña ciudad de Wetzlar. Una vez revelados los negativos, la sorpresa fue mayúscula al encontrar imágenes de una calidad excelente. Pudo hacer fotos en unas inundaciones sin tener que usar el molesto trípode ni cargar con las cajas pesadas de las placas.







viernes, 12 de mayo de 2017

https://www.facebook.com/InStyle/videos/10155124796919985/
https://petapixel.com/2016/05/18/two-new-rules-composition-can-improve-images/


Two New ‘Rules’ of Composition that Can Improve Your Images


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Portrait photographer James Allen Stewart wants to show you how to break the old rules of composition… with some new rules. In a recent video, he introduces two of his own rules that have helped him compose more interesting, dynamic images.
Click play below to see Stewart (and his pug) go through both of the rules, and then keep on scrolling to see some example images and read about each rule individually:
Rule 1: Balance the Darks and the Lights
It’s important to strike a balance between the dark and light parts of your image, even if this pulls you away from traditional compositions like the Rule of Thirds.
Darks, Stewart maintains, are compositionally ‘heavy’ and draw your eye; lights, on the other hand, are much lighter and don’t pull your attention as strongly. Use this relationship to strike a balance that will lead your subject’s eye to the image’s focal point.
For example, this crop is rule of thirds balanced:
darklight1
While this one is balanced using the darkness and light rule:
darklight2
The focal point of the image is her eye, but the rule of thirds does a poor job drawing your focus there because of the dark patch in her swirling hair. The wider crop uses the dark background to balance the image and leave no doubt where the viewer’s eye should land.

Rule 2: “Read” Your Photo from Left to Right

Most languages are written from left to right, and Stewart argues that your images should be “written” in the same way. Read the story of your photo from left to right, and see if it makes sense.
Is it intriguing? Does it have a climax? Does it get to the focal point too soon and then drop off uncomfortably into nothing?
In one example Stewart uses, his image originally looked like this:
direction1
The story—at least to Stewart—is okay but it reaches its climax (the subject’s face) too quickly and then drops off. By simply flipping the image, it takes on a new life as it’s read from left to right:
direction2
As with any composition ‘rules’ these are not hard and fast, but they offer an interesting alternative to the standard compositions you’ve probably become accustomed to seeing.
“Of course the new rules are just a way of seeing things with fresh eyes and maybe approaching your work more intuitively,” Stewart told us over email. “As for myself, I know I can lack ‘the spark’ sometimes, and can use methods of composition that aren’t just grids… it makes your creativity flow better.”
Let us know what you think of Stewart’s suggestions in the comments down below, and if you want to see more of his work, visit his websiteInstagramFacebook, and 500px.
(via Fstoppers)
Image credits: Photos by James Allen Stewart and used with permission.

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“Entre las muchas formas de combatir la nada, una de las mejores es hacer fotografías.” JULIO CORTAZAR

Tus primeras 10.000 fotos serán tus peores fotos.
Henri Cartier-Bresson



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